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Israel’s Failure to Stop the Hamas Attack Shows the Danger of Too Much Surveillance


Although particulars of precisely how the assault occurred are nonetheless rising, evidently oversights associated to grappling with this signal-and-noise conundrum performed a job.

“On reflection, there was some data, however, like occurs in all intelligence failures, it wasn’t given adequate consideration. It was misunderstood,” says Chuck Freilich, a former Israeli deputy nationwide safety adviser. “I believe within the final days, from my understanding, there have been some warning indicators. And really, the intelligence institution had been warning for the previous about half-year that there was going to be a big battle with Hamas, that they had been bent on escalating the state of affairs. However then they misinterpret the indicators.”

Colin Clarke, the director of analysis on the Soufan Group, an intelligence and safety consultancy, says the Hamas assault would have “required months of preparation” and intelligence failures probably occurred with each human intelligence and alerts intelligence, the place digital and communications information is collected. “I’m nonetheless astonished {that a} breakdown in intelligence occurred at this stage,” Clarke says. “I don’t suppose anyone, together with the Israelis, had been ready for an operation this advanced and multi-pronged.”

Essential intelligence oversights may have occurred as the results of quite a few intersecting failures, says King’s School London’s Marcus. The Israeli intelligence equipment might have misunderstood Hamas’s intentions, misinterpret the context of essential leads, been distracted by Israel’s political efforts with Saudi Arabia, or been grappling with home challenges. Israeli forces have complained, for instance, of a brain drain from the IDF as people get pulled towards the non-public sector.

“I believe that this wasn’t only a army failure—I believe that this was a dramatic failure of nationwide management,” says Freilich, who authored Israel and the Cyber Menace: How the Startup Nation Turned a World Cyber Energy. The ambush calls to thoughts the outbreak of combating throughout Ramadan in October 1973 through which an Arab bloc focused Israel with a shock assault on the Jewish holy day Yom Kippur to set off practically 20 days of combating.

Palestinians in occupied territories, together with the West Financial institution and Gaza Strip, have confronted surveillance and controls for years, with many calling the conditions an apartheid. In September 2021, Israeli forces introduced the completion of a 40-mile-long barrier around the Gaza Strip—the slither of land between Israel, Egypt, and the Mediterranean Sea—that’s primarily a “good wall” outfitted with radar, cameras, underground sensors, and an array of different surveillance devices.


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