Humanity is obsessed to push its boundaries, creating new records that can break them repeatedly. Indeed, at every time of history, the skylines of our cities were always defined by those in authority. Churches left their mark at one point, followed by public institutions, while commercial skyscrapers continued to expand out larger than ever in the final few decades. Ghost Cities in China are on the increase in many cases, with many advanced buildings still abandoned. China has accumulated more than 300 buildings in the last 10 years alone. Of them, five out of ten make up the world’s tallest buildings.
The Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest building, stands out as the new urban marvel in Dubai as the highest of the world’s top five towers. It was constructed in 2010 and is a super-attractive 162-story building that reaches 2,717 feet in altitude. It stands also as the building with the world’s largest story, highest floor occupancy, highest observation deck, and the only lift with the world’s longest distance. It forms part of the government of the United Arab Emirates’ long-standing ambition to turn the economy from a purely oil-based economic one to a better-service economy that focuses on tourism. The design of the tower is influenced by the geometries of local desert flora and the pattern systems that are part of Islamic architecture. As the tower rises from a y-shaped tripartite foundation, retrograde patterns take place in an upward spiral, decreasing the mass of the building to the sky. The Burj Khalifa incorporates bureaus, retail areas, residential units, and the Armani Hotel as the core of wide mixed development.
The Shanghai Tower is the second tallest building in the world and the tallest of mega tall towers in the center of the Shanghai financial district Lujiazui. In 2015 it was completed, but only in 2016, it was open to the public. The building was designed by the United States architects company Gensler and designed by Chinese designer Jue Xia. The tower contains a total of 320 hotel and commercial hotel rooms as well as restaurants, cafés, and gardens consisting of nine cylindrical buildings stacking up on each side. The building turns up and gives 360-degree views of the city onto public places for guests.
Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel
A government-owned building having major importance for Saudi Arabia’s society and culture is the Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, also known as Abraj Al-Bait Towers. The building complex was erected as part of the attempt to develop the city and cater to pilgrims and is located just a stone’s throw away from Islam’s most sacred spot, the world’s largest mosque Masjid al-Haram. The enormous complex has residential apartments, hotel accommodation, a conference center, a large area for prayer, a 5-story commercial mall, a museum, and the Moon Observation Centre. While the structure is the third-largest in the world, the clock face of the tower.
Ping An International Finance Centre
The Ping An International Finance Centre, although not completely completed yet, was finished in April 2015, making it China’s second-largest skyscraper and the fourth-largest building in the world. Initially, however, a 60-meter antenna was designed to be at the top of the structure, which was planned to overtake the Shanghai Tower and become the largest building in China in early 2015, because of the danger of hindering flight patterns. The structure, which comprises 115 floors, includes the headquarters of Ping An Insurance, hotel rooms, bureaux, retail areas, and a top-of-the-range commercial mall, is located in the central district of Shenzhen, China.
Lotte World Tower
Situated in the Sincheon-dong neighborhood on the Seoul Han River, the Lotte World Tower is a 123-story skyscraper. This complex, which opened in 1989 and includes a theme park, movie theatres, and a commercial center, is near the first-growth Lotte World facility. The tower was completed at the end of 2015 and all the external construction of the building was completed in March 2016 after thirteen years of planning and preparation. The building has not yet been opened to the public. The interior has a total of 123 stories and includes retail shops, homes, a hotel of luxury, private office rooms and top floors of public access, and an observation deck. A magnificent viewing deck and the 9/11 Memorial & Museum are housed in the tower. The 9/11 museum, located on the site of the original World Trade Centre, reveals the tale of this day of illusion, with more than 10,000 artifacts on view as well as interviews with 2,000 accounts, pictures, and family testimonials.